Peritoneal mesothelioma is a malignancy that targets the lining of the abdomen. This form of cancer, like pleural mesothelioma is usually a result of exposure to asbestos. Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the lining that guards the inside of the abdomen and which also contains a lubricating fluid, the smooth movement and functioning of the institutions.
This disease is also known as diffuse peritoneal mesothelioma, particularly when the cancer has to be branched. They account for about one-tenth of all mesothelioma patients and is the second most common after pleural mesothelioma.
There are a number of symptoms of this disease. Similar to mesothelioma, other diseases, the incubation period is long, and the symptoms remain dormant for decades after the first exposure. By the time the symptoms become visible, it may be too late. In addition, if your doctor is not aware of your previous exposure to asbestos, then it can be used in the treatment of various diseases.
The most common symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma are weight loss, nausea, abdominal pain and weakness, loss of appetite, intestinal obstruction and abdominal swelling. Problems such as respiratory distress and pain may occur.
The treatment for this form of mesothelioma depends on several factors, such as the size of the cancer and the general health of the patient, age and recent medical history.
Surgery is an option of conventional treatment of peritoneal mesothelioma. This means that parts of the lining of the abdomen, around the tumor. Surgery largely depends on, including the age of the patient and the extent to which the cancer has spread. Sometimes it is a part of the diaphragm, for easy removal of the tumor.
In radiotherapy, high-energy X-rays are used to shrink the size of the tumor or killing malignant cells. Radiotherapy can be in two ways. One is the external method, radiation is emitted by the creation of a machine outside. The second method is by radiation directly to the malignant area through plastic tubes.
Chemotherapy is undoubtedly the most widely used and known method of combating cancer. Here is a combination of medicines – through pills or needles – used to kill malignant cells.
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